Globalization is an active process whereby the nation’s exchange of worldviews, products, politics, communication and new ideas emerge. Historically, globalization began with our human ancestors migrating from Africa to different areas of the globe, including Egypt. Globalization of Egypt became the stage for evolutionary change branching out over the world and creating this globalization culture of integration and exchange. Therefore, Egypt was a product of advancements, technology, circumstances and situations that arose, all factors which contributed to their progression or lack there of as a nation. Egypt has gradually undergone many stages of globalization, however, burdened by high poverty rates, pockets of small-scale grass root assistance and lagging technology, Egypt still falls far behind many other countries. In my posts, we will come to understand some of the reasons attributing to this slow progression and different aspect of Egypt’s global efforts.
Egypt is right in the center of the global margin, approximately between 40 – 60% globalized (World Culture Encyclopedia, 2015); however, Egypt regionally is geographically challenged by the country’s physical make-up of approximately 90% desert where rainfall is rare to nonexistent (World Culture Encyclopedia, 2015). This creates huge obstacles for Egyptians, which dictates a nation, that import more than export. Due to the abounding heritage and noted history, one of their main industries is tourism. This busy industrious tourism industry attributes and enhances Egypt’s globalization in the exchange of culture, communication, education, and finances.
Egypt’s economy and growth in the exchange of goods, politics, and ideas is propelled by many factors including technology to increase their global markets. 25% of there gross domestic product [GDP] from industry, 18% from agriculture and 57% from other industries, namely tourism and oil (World Culture Encyclopedia, 2015). On the political arena, Egypt has gone through many rulers, but currently an independent Islamic nation. It has adopted a more Democratic/Parliament style government from their European influence and actively participants in trade agreements and international affairs.
96% of Egypt’s population resides in the Nile Valley’s with abundant water from the Nile and some fertile land mass, and heavily utilizes the technically of irrigation. This helps the nation to average approximately two crops per year, which lends to a modest 18% agricultural trade (World Culture Encyclopedia, 2015), however, even with those odds Egypt agriculture produces some of the highest yields in the world. The Nile Valley is also a hub of economic systems and social activities. One major advancement in a globalization project occurred in the 1970s with the production of fired bricks, which replaced the traditional mud-brick houses. Fired bricks lend to a more healthier, practical and modern lifestyle. Apartments and condominium had then emerged in the 1980’s and 1990’s giving urban households substantial improvement, increasing utilities to approximately 74% connected to potable water systems and 96% to electricity (World Culture Encyclopedia, 2015). These incidences are where global ideas, knowledge and culture shared from other nations are actualized and beneficial to increase Egyptian lifestyle.
Although, globalization lends to the process of exchange with the idea of improvement, it can also lend to the detriment of a country in their ability to manage it within their own system effectively and to the countries advantage. Many countries, including Egypt, are burdened by physical challenges, including population issues, multiple small businesses, weather conditions, religious beliefs, and other factors that challenge its abilities to grow as a nation. Egypt has an active ear in listening and learning from fellow nations, but has a far way to go in the overall economic, political and trade arenas.
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