“Bread Freedom, Social Justice” is an Egyptian Motto……
Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, and include equal rights and obligations, indeterminate of nationality, dwelling, sex, nationality, color, religion, language, etc. “We are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination. These rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible” (United Nations, 2015).
The Human Rights Story
As noted in “The Human Rights Story” featured above, and if you click on the picture and link on the main page it will open up the actual declaration. This declaration is a comprehensive listing of the civil, political, social and economic rights, and was adopted by the United Nations (UN), and was collectively agreed by all countries.
Egypt’s is in a perpetual human rights crisis, and is one of the most critical for the country. Per World Report 2015, ‘the government consolidated control through constriction of basic freedoms and a stifling campaign of arrests targeting political opponents’. Many attribute the current injustices to the leadership of Abdel Fattah al Sisi and his reversal of human rights achievement prior to him taking office in June 2014, even though he vowed to correct the mistakes of the past. Security forces with judiciary political engagement have risen to evoke armed group attacks regarding uprising issues of public demonstration regarding human rights (Human Rights Watch, 2014).
Many of the human rights injustices have been in response to individuals and protestors. In 2013 thousand of protestors have been arrested and remain detained in pretrial detention. Many peaceful demonstrations where protestors are looking for answers and assistance in human rights violations are ending in excessive and unwarranted police force. More than 800 protesters in Rab’a & Nahda squares in Cairo on August of 2013 were killed, all totaling 1,000 in July and August. No one has been held accountable for these deaths. The government defense to this excessive security force is clamed to be “pervasive impunity” which gives exemption from punishment for injurious consequences of an action.
Amnesty International – Human Rights issues in Egypt
The Human Rights Watch (2014) state that many of the trials held, violated Egyptian law and international standards, as in one trial the Judge in Minya governorate gave the death penalty to more than 1,200 people allegedly involved the death of a police officer, the defendants were revoked their rights to a meaningful defense or ensure access to counsel.
Security situations have deteriorated where armed groups target security forces, buildings, checkpoints, and vehicles with an Egyptian revolutionary group joining the extremist group Islamic State known as ISIS.
Other human rights violations that are connected, are free expression and assembly, as many individual and students were arrested for possessing flyers, anti military slogans, rapping in public, and journalist, former lawmakers and human rights defense are often charged with criminal offenses and banned from traveling abroad. These action have diminished Human Rights activists participation, influence and power.
“The Social Solidarity Ministry in June 2014 presented a draft law that would give the government security agencies veto power over Non Governmental Organizations (NGO) activities as well as other registration funding. The law would cripple to communicate or co-operate with groups abroad” (Human Rights Watch, 2014).
Sexual harassment and violence toward women continues to be an issue in Egypt and still pervasive impunity is used in non-prosecution of these crimes. There is no law criminalizing domestic violence, and female genital mutilation (FGM), although prohibited is still continuing on a regular basis. Egypt continues to discriminate against women when it comes to marriage, divorce, child custody and inheritance, giving favoritism to the males.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender is not accepted practice in Egypt, and quite often are accused of “debauchery” (excessive indulgence in sensual pleasures). Approximately 10% to 12% of the Egyptian population is homosexual.
Egypt continues to suffer human rights setbacks and injustices, with laws and policies to govern, what has gone wrong? Why do human globally continually struggle with their rights? And why is this an issue among many nations?
Economic Globalization. (2013). Human Rights and Democracy in a Globalizing World, 277-299.
Human Rights Watch (2014) World Report 2015: Egypt. (n.d.). Retrieved 2015, from https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2015/country-chapters/egypt
United Nations Human Rights (2015). What are human rights? (n.d.). Retrieved 2015, from http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/Pages/WhatareHumanRights.aspx
Wikipedia Muslim Brotherhood the free encyclopedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muslim_Brotherhood